Mike Smith, the owner of Tom Smith's Plants in the United Kingdom, developed the record-breaking pepper, 'Dragon's Breath', with researchers at the University of Nottingham. He doesn't recommend the pepper for eating, however, because it may be the last thing a person ever tastes. If you ate one, it could cause a type of anaphylactic shock burning the airways and closing them up.
Dragon's Breath is so spicy, it clocks in at 2.48 million heat units on the Scoville scale, a measurement of concentration of capsaicin, the chemical that releases that spicy-heat sensation people feel when they bite into a chili pepper. Dragon's Breath is hotter than the current record-holder, the Carolina Reaper, which packs an average of 1.6 million Scoville heat units, as well as U.S. military pepper sprays, which hit about 2 million on the Scoville scale.
So, why was it made in the first place ?
For medical treatment as an anasthetic that can numb the skin.